Al-Aqsa Mosque, Masjid al-Aqsa

Al-Aqsa Mosque?(Arabic:?????? ???????al-Masjid al-Aq??,?IPA:?[??l?m?sd??d ?l???qs??]?, “the Farthest Mosque”) also known as?Al-Aqsa?and?Bayt al-Muqaddas, is the third holiest site in Islam. Al-Aqsa Mosque is located in the?Old City?of?Jerusalem. The site on which the silver domed mosque sits, along with the?Dome of the Rock, also referred to as?al-Haram ash-Sharif?or “Noble Sanctuary,”?is the?Temple Mount, the holiest site in Judaism, the place where the?Temple?is generally accepted to have stood. Muslims believe that Prophet?Muhammad?during the?Night Journey?was transported from the?Sacred Mosque?in?Mecca?to al-Aqsa.?Islamic tradition?holds that Muhammad led prayers towards this site until the 17. month after the?emigration, when?God?directed him to turn towards the?Kaaba.

The mosque was originally built by the?Rashidun?caliph?Umar as?a small prayer house, but was rebuilt and expanded by the?Umayyad?caliph?Abd al-Malik?and finished by his son?al-Walid?in 705 CE. After an earthquake in 746, the mosque was completely destroyed and rebuilt by the?Abbasidcaliph?al-Mansur?in 754, and again rebuilt by his successor?al-Mahdi?in 780. Another earthquake destroyed most of al-Aqsa in 1033, but two years later the?Fatimid?caliph?Ali az-Zahir?built another mosque which has stood to the present-day. During the periodic renovations undertaken, the various ruling dynasties of the?Islamic Caliphate?constructed additions to the mosque and its precincts, such as its dome, facade, its?minbar, minarets and the interior structure. When the?Crusaders?captured Jerusalem in 1099, they used the mosque as a palace and church, but its function as a mosque was restored after its recapture by?Saladin?in 1187. More renovations, repairs and additions were undertaken in the later centuries by the?Ayyubids,?Mamluks,?Ottomans, the?Supreme Muslim Council, and?Jordan.

Today, the Old City is under?Israeli?control, but the mosque remains under the administration of the Jordanian/Palestinian-led Islamic?waqf.

Coordinates:?31.77617?N 35.23583?E
Location Old City of Jerusalem
Established 705 CE
Branch/tradition Islam
Administration Waqf
Leadership Imam(s):
Ekrima Sa’id Sabri
Architectural information
Style Early Islamic, Mamluk
Capacity 5,000+
Dome(s) 2 large + tens of smaller ones
Minaret(s) 4
Minaret?height 37 meters (121?ft) (tallest)
Materials Limestone (external walls, minaret, facade) stalactite (minaret), Gold, lead and stone (domes), white marble (interior columns) and mosaic

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